The AIC agencies, and the IGIS, are bound by the rule of law and their actions can subject to scrutiny by the courts. Security considerations may require on occasion that proceedings be held in private.
Specialist tribunals also have jurisdiction over aspects of agencies’ activities.
The Administrative Appeals Tribunal can review decisions to exempt records over 30 years old from release under the Archives Act 1983.
The Security Division of the Administrative Appeals Tribunal can hear appeals from people who require a security clearance in order to perform their employment, but have received a qualified or adverse assessment from ASIO. Appeals can also be heard against decisions to cancel or not issue passports on security grounds.
The Australian National Audit Office includes ASIO, ASIS, AGO, DIO, ASD, and ONI within the scope of its audit program.